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Extra info for The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Latin
Krahe, H. - Meid, W. 1965-9: Germanische Sprachwissenschaft I, II (Krahe), III (Meid), Berlin. Krause, W. 1966: Die Runeninschrif ten im iilteren Futhark, Gottingen. Kretschmer, P. M. Lindsay, The Latin Language, Wochenschrift fiir klassische Philologie 1895, cols. 923-924. 1904: Zum lateinischen Wandel von ov in av, KZ 37, 274-276. J. 1948: Vedic sadhis- : sadhastha- and the laryngeal umlaut in Sanskrit, Acta Orientalia 20, 23-35. , 211-226. Kurylowicz, J. 1956: I'Apophonie en indo-europeen, Wroc/aw.
Semantically and formally closest is Gr. ) 'to besmear' < *h2l i-n-id, Epid. dXivoig, Cypr. iv-cxXaXioM-^va (thus Frisk and EM. ). On the basis of the short vowel of Lat. I i turn we must assume that the root did not have a final laryngeal. Thus, linere reflects a root *h2li-. The group of Skt. ), layate, llyate 'to bend down, duck, cower, cling to', Gr. ), Goth, af-linnan, OHG. bi-l innan 'weichen' must be kept apart, as these forms point to *lih2-. The Germanic forms probably have *-nn- < *-nH- according to the rule formulated by Rosemarie Liihr 1976, at least if this is correct (see Beekes 1988a, 97, Polome 1988, 404 note 13).
Glottalized stop (= media). 3. ): a non-acute vowel loses the ictus to an acute vowel in the following syllable. 4. e. has not become a barytone AP (a)) after Hirt's law becomes non-acute. In this way, the difference between oxytona with acute and non-acute root-vowel, which is maintained in Baltic, is eliminated (see esp. ). 5. ): the stress shifts to the next syl- 7 lable unless the stressed vowel was either falling (AP (c)) or laryngealized (AP (a)). Thus, Dybo's law affected only AP (b), which it turned into an oxytone paradigm.