Rethinking Puerto Rican Precolonial History by Reniel Rodríguez Ramos

By Reniel Rodríguez Ramos

The historical past of Puerto Rico has often been expected as a chain of colonizations-various indigenous peoples from Archaic via Taíno have been successively invaded, assimilated, or eradicated, through the Spanish entrada, which used to be then changed through African traditions and, because 1898, via the USA. as a matter of fact extra complicated, yet in lots of methods Puerto Rico continues to be one of many final colonies on this planet. This quantity specializes in the successive indigenous cultures of Puerto Rico ahead of 1493.
 
Traditional reports of the cultures of indigenous peoples of the Caribbean have situated on ceramic stories, in accordance with the archaeological version built through Irving Rouse which has guided Caribbean archaeology for many years. Rodríguez Ramos departs from this technique by way of imposing lithics because the fundamental unit for tracing the origins and advancements of the indigenous peoples of Puerto Rico. interpreting the technological types considering the construction of stone artifacts within the island via time, in addition to the overview of a listing of greater than 500 radiocarbon dates recovered considering that Rouse's version emerged, the writer offers a very leading edge research revealing replacement views on Puerto Rico's pre-Columbian culture-historical series. by way of making use of a multiscalar layout, he not just not just presents an research of the plural ways that the precolonial peoples of the island interacted and negotiated their identities but in addition indicates how the cultural landscapes of Puerto Rico, the Antilles, and the larger Caribbean formed and have been formed through together constituting methods via time.

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2001), I conducted a lithic sourcing survey in the northwestern part of Puerto Rico that identified for the first time the occurrence of high-­quality cherts in that portion of the island.  Martin, Martinique, and the Dominican Republic that helped me in estimating the source areas of raw materials from other islands. I also made a short visit to Antigua, guided by Knippenberg, and witnessed the impressive Flinty Bay site as well as Coconut Hall, two of the major flint sources on the island. Raw material types were separated strictly on the basis of macroscopic attributes notwithstanding the limitations of this approach for establishing definite raw material types and their sources (Luedke 1992).

Even though these techniques have traits that aid in differentiating one from another, they still share those features indicative of freehand flaking, which include a straight or slightly curved flake profile, a pronounced bulb of ­percussion, a thick striking platform, and a defined striking point. , anvil). , drill bits). Bipolar flakes are distinguished by a combination of features that include the presence of either ridged or pointed platforms with almost no surface area, a straight profile, either shattered or diffuse bulbs of force, crushing on both ends, and ridged sections parallel to their longitudinal axis.

However, it is considered here that identities are fluid, contested, and contingent on history and context (Gosden 2005) and that cultural plurality is the rule rather than the exception at any point in time (Lightfoot et al. 1998; Wilson 1999, 2007b). As is shown in this work, this is the case in Puerto Rico, where there is a significant social and cultural horizontal variability observed through time and where different historical trajectories were taken even by people who produced the same pottery styles.

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