By Rose-Marie Dechaine, Strang Burton, Eric Vatikiotis-Bateson
The attention-grabbing, enjoyable, and pleasant technique to comprehend the technology at the back of human language
Linguistics is the clinical research of human language. Linguistics scholars learn how languages are built, how they functionality, how they impact society, and the way people research language. From figuring out different languages to instructing desktops to speak, linguistics performs an important function in society. Linguistics For Dummies tracks to a standard college-level introductory linguistics direction and palms you with the arrogance, wisdom, and information to attain your highest.
- Understand the technology in the back of human language
- Grasp how language is constructed
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If you are enrolled in an introductory linguistics direction or just have a love of human language, Linguistics For Dummies is your one-stop source for unlocking the technology of the spoken be aware.
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Additional resources for Linguistics For Dummies
Because the learnability feature is a by-product of social interaction, we don’t include it as a separate feature in Table 2-1. ✓ Reflexiveness (the ability to use language to talk about language): This feature does seem to be specific to humans. In fact, this is what linguists do for a living. We don’t include it in the list in Table 2-1 because, like prevarication, this feature has more to do with what we use language for than what language is. 23 24 Part I: Looking at Language through the Lens of Linguistics Focusing on the Users In approaching the puzzle of communication, one major piece that needs to be taken into account is the role of the users.
Affricates: These make a stop and then a fricative. The first sound in church is the affricate [t∫], which you make by combining [t] as in tea and [∫] as in ship. ✓ Vowels: These let air flow freely, but you change the sound by changing the shape of the vocal tract with the tongue. Distorting the airflow: Where it happens In addition to a manner of articulation, consonant sounds have a place of articulation. This is the location in your mouth where you mess with the airflow. Figure 3-2 shows you the vocal tract with all the places of articulation.
For example, articulatory phonetics is used to assess disorders in sound production, known as dyspraxia. Phonetic transcription of acoustic recordings helps to diagnose developmental problems in language acquisition by children. Language processing disorders due to stroke and disease rely on perceptual phonetics to diagnose and locate the source of a dysfunction. ✓ Psychologists and neuroscientists integrate phonetics as a major part of their investigation of human cognition and the mind. They look at the role of memory and the effects of development and aging on speech processing, at how words and meanings are acquired, stored, retrieved, and lost, as well as at the multimodal motor and sensory channels of speech.