Globalizations and the Ancient World by Justin Jennings

By Justin Jennings

During this e-book, Justin Jennings argues that globalization isn't just a phenomenon restricted to trendy instances. as a substitute he contends that the globalization of at the present time is simply the most recent in a sequence of globalizing hobbies in human heritage. utilizing the Uruk, Mississippian, and Wari civilizations as case reports, Jennings examines how the expansion of the world's first nice towns appreciably remodeled their respective components. The towns required unparalleled trade networks, developing long-distance flows of rules, humans, and items. those flows created cascades of interregional interplay that eroded neighborhood behavioral norms and social constructions. New, hybrid cultures emerged inside those globalized areas. even if those networks didn't span the complete globe, humans in those components constructed globalized cultures as they interacted with each other. Jennings explores how realizing globalization as a habitual occasion may help within the realizing of either the earlier and the current.

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European colonialism reached its zenith as the nineteenth century drew to a close. Africa was carved up by the European powers; China was defeated in the Opium Wars and forced open to greater trade; and Latin America, though nominally independent, was heavily influenced by outside interests. The global trade in exotic goods was dwarfed by the trade in raw material that was flowing into industrialized countries. At the same time, there was a surge in human migrations around the world during this period.

Yet, these were largely regional networks created with one’s immediate neighbors. The introduction of agriculture in and of itself does not significantly change the hunter-gatherer lifestyle and the size of social networks. c. (Byrd 2005), but some of those people who adopted agriculture did not settle down into permanent villages. , Buckler et al. 1998), many hunter-gatherers just added a few agricultural products to their wide range of preexisting food choices. The ambivalence to becoming a full-time, sedentary agriculturalist is understandable since the lifestyle entails a lot of work for limited rewards (Hard and Merrill 1992; Winterhalder and Kennett 2006; K.

I do not eschew numbers in this book, but my emphasis on the cultural dimensions is derived in large part from the globalization of culture approach, one of the most popular ways of studying modern globalization (Sklair 2006). Drawing in large part from this scholarship, I have identified eight closely related trends that are commonly associated with modern globalization. Since these overlapping trends are associated with the creation of a global culture, they should all be discernable during a period of globalization.

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