Computational Linguistics by N. Cercone

By N. Cercone

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Bobrow and A. Collins), pp. 35-82. Academic Press, New York (1975). R. Bechtel and S. C. Shapiro, A logic for semantic networks. Dept. of Computer Science, Indiana University, Tech. Rep. No. 47 (1976). S. C. Shapiro, Path-based and node-based inference in semantic networks, PROC. , pp. 219-225, July 1978. T. Winograd, Frame representations and the declarative/procedural controversy. In Representation and Understanding (Edited by D. G. Bobrow and A. Collins), pp. 185-210. Academic Press, New York (1975).

To generate a sentence in Japanese, the following rule could be used to generate the SOV word order. The rule also sets attributes of the noun phrases to generate the postpositions ga and o, which indicate subject and object in Japanese: S (AGNT and OBJ links present & not yet traversed)-» NP (select node linked to AGNT, set postposition GA) NP (select node linked to OBJ, set postposition 0) VERB (mark AGNT an OBJ links traversed). Appropriate changes in the rules could generate the word orders for any of the other languages, such as Hebrew or French.

That rule then creates new records for NP and VP, which then trigger other rules. The process continues until terminal symbols are reached that generate the actual words of the sentence. In general, the conceptual graph contains semantic information for generating sentences, and the attributes in the records contain syntactic information as well as certain semantic information like mode and tense attributes that are passed from one record to another. Conditions in APSG rules may test several things: attributes in the current record, the current concept or relation node of the conceptual graph, concepts and relations linked to the current node, or the utterance marks on concepts and traversal marks on conceptual relations.

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