Coastal Collectors in the Holocene: The Chantuto People of by Barbara Voorhies

By Barbara Voorhies

This is the single full-scale archaeological learn of the traditional Mesoamericans who lived in a coastal habitat instantly sooner than the onset of an agricultural means of life.
            often called the final hunter-gatherer-fishers of the south Pacific coast of Mexico, the Chantuto humans lived among 7,500 and 3,500 years in the past, in the course of the heart and past due Archaic classes. They have been the final humans within the quarter to depend mostly upon wild vegetation and animals. simply because their successors have been basically farmers, the lives of the Chantuto humans span the transition from foraging to farming--when everlasting villages got here to exchange a nomadic existence--in a sizzling, humid surroundings. operating with thirty years of information from shell mounds and different website varieties in Pacific coastal Chiapas, the participants to this crucial research current details on previous and current environments, neighborhood geological procedures, and precise bills of technical analyses of recovered nutrition and artifactual continues to be. those information shape the foundation for inferences in regards to the payment process and monetary lifeways of the traditional Chantuto people.
Since the Nineteen Sixties, whilst a trail-blazing research printed how prehistoric population of an upland Mexican valley grew to become more and more depending on just a couple of vegetation, archaeologists have sought similar info for the tropical lowlands. This e-book offers it extensive, exploring the surviving fabric tradition of the Chantuto humans and their ecological relationships to their biophysical atmosphere. The archaeological websites are dated by way of radiocarbon assays and the equipment of information restoration and interpretation diversity from replication experiments to ethnographic analogy.
Especially worthwhile for experts in hunter-gatherer experiences, this paintings makes a big contribution to the talk in regards to the origins of agriculture. it is going to be worthy for archaeologists attracted to an updated, accomplished precis of a transitional society within the tropical lowlands of Mesoamerica.

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Additional resources for Coastal Collectors in the Holocene: The Chantuto People of Southwest Mexico

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P. is thought to have been between 75 and 90 km seaward of its present location (Stright 1995:133) between the -12 and -22 isobaths (Stright 1995:140). But what is the likely situation in the vicinity of the present study area throughout the Quaternary? The Acapetahua Estuary is located within the tropical belt and is far from the area once occupied by the Laurentian ice sheet to the north or the Andean glaciers to the south (cf. Tjia 1975:figure 4). Therefore, the effects of the isostatic rebound during and after deglaciation logically would have been minimal compared with the situation in the high latitudes.

Although the coastal pr ocesses responsible for the formation of estuarine-lagoon systems would have been in effect throughout the Holocene, the continuing marine transgression until stillstand prevented these systems fr om developing fully . Instead, erosional processes have obliterated many of them. Thus, estuarine-lagoon systems have developed most extensively since sea level stabilization (Russell 1967:93) and are associated with prograding coasts (Contreras Espinosa 1993:19). Evidence of older, now submerged, lagoons has been found on the continental shelf off the eastern United States and in the northwest Gulf of Mexico (Phleger 1969:6).

Six thousand years ago, however, the palaeoshoreline must have been farther inland than it is now. This is because the series of inactive beach ridges in the ar ea document a geologically recent seaward shoreline progression occurring since the last marine stillstand. What is missing, however , is clear geologic documentation of the timing of these events, as well as the exact location of the shoreline when the Chantuto people built up the massive shellmounds that are a main focus of our study.

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