Agricultural and Synthetic Polymers. Biodegradability and by J. Edward Glass and Graham Swift (Eds.)

By J. Edward Glass and Graham Swift (Eds.)

content material: Degradability of commodity plastics and forte polymers : an summary / Graham speedy --
Biodegradative tactics and organic waste therapy : research and regulate / Gary S. Sayler and James W. Blackburn --
Insect symbionts : a promising resource of detoxifying enzymes / Samuel ok. Shen and Patrick F. Dowd --
Plastics recycling efforts spurred via matters approximately sturdy waste / Ann M. Thayer --
Plastic degradability and agricultural product usage / J. Edward Glass --
Polyethylene degradation and degradation items / Ann-Christine Albertsson and Sigbritt Karlsson --
Biodegradation of starch-containing plastics / J. Michael Gould, S.H. Gordon, L.B. Dexter, and C.L. Swanson --
Constraints on decay of polysaccharide-plastic blends / Michael A. Cole --
Biodegradation pathways of nonionic ethoxylates : effect of the hydrophobe constitution / L. Kravetz --
Biodegradation of polyethers / Fusako Kawai --
Biodegradable poly(carboxylic acid) layout / Shuichi Matsumura and Sadao Yoshikawa --
Biodegradation of artificial polymers containing ester bonds / Yutaka Tokiwa, Tadanao Ando, Tomoo Suzuki, and Kiyoshi Takeda --
Biodegradable polymers produced by way of free-radical ring-opening polymerization / William J. Bailey, Vijaya okay. Kuruganti, and Jay S. attitude --
In vitro and in vivo degradation of poly(L-lactide) braided multifilament yarns / Brian C. Benicewicz, S.W. Shalaby, Alastair J.T. Clemow, and Zale Oser --
Bioabsorbable fibers of p-dioxanone copolymers / R.S. Bezwada, S.W. Shalaby, and H.D. Newman, Jr. --
Monomers and polymers in line with mono- and disaccharides / Stoil okay. Dirlikov --
Polymers and oligomers containing furan earrings / Alessandro Gandini --
Microbial fructan : creation and characterization / Y.W. Han and M.A. Clarke --
Coatings in response to brassylic acid (an erucic acid by-product) / David E. Chubin, James P. Kaczmarski, Zeying Ma, Daozhang Wang, and Frank N. Jones --
Synthesis and characterization of chlorinated rubber from low-molecular-weight guayule rubber / Shelby F. Thames and Kareem Kaleem --
Chemical amendment of lignocellulosic fibers to supply high-performance composites / Roger M. Rowell --
Cellulose and cellulose derivatives as liquid crystals / Richard D. Gilbert --
area of expertise starches : use within the paper / Kenneth W. Kirby --
Saponified starch-g-poly(acrylonitrile-co-2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid) : effect of response variables on absorbency and wicking / George F. Fanta and William M. Doane --
Use of hemicelluloses and cellulose and degradation of lignin by way of Pleurotus sajor-caju grown on corn stalks / D.S. Chahal and J.M. Hachey.

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Chem. Ecol. 1976, 2, 195. 13 Brand, J . ; Bracke, J . ; Markovetz, A. ;, Wood, D. L . ; Browne, L. E. Nature 1975, 254, 136. 14. Nolte, D. J . J. Insect Physiol. 1977, 23, 899. 15. Boush, G. ; Matsumura, F. J . Econ. Entomol. 1967, 60, 918. 3. SHEN AND DOWD Insect Symbionts 37 16. Metcalf, C. ; Flint, W. ; Metcalf, R. L. Destructive and Useful Insects: Their Habits and Control; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1962; 888 pp. 17. Wright, V. ; Harein, P. K. Environ. Entomol. 1980, 9, 127. 18. Shen, S. ; Dowd, P.

Through this focused effort, CPRR has produced a technology transfer manual that describes in detail the setup and operation of a plastics recycling plant. The hope of CPRR is that making the technology available will foster the commercialization of plastics recycling. There are currently 14 licensees of the CPRR process worldwide; two of them are looking into building plants in the near future. ch004 4. THAYER Plastics Recycling Efforts and Solid Waste Concerns 43 The process developed at CPRR is said to be similar in its layout to those used in private industry.

This mixture is heated under pressure to force the PET to depolymerize. The end products are ethylene glycol and dimethyl terephthalate (DMT). Pure DMT and ethylene glycol are obtained through recrystallization and distillation, respectively. These pure materials can be used as feedstocks for the synthesis of new polyesters. A few special considerations must be dealt with when reusing PET from consumer sources in chemical recycling. For example, the PET must be clean and free of contaminating materials.

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