Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford, Bruce A. Bradley

By Dennis J. Stanford, Bruce A. Bradley

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the US? in accordance with the now time-honored tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. targeted stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition proven the presence of those early New international humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in starting place? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic examine, and genetic reports, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the outdated narrative and, within the technique, counter traditional--and frequently subjective--approaches to archaeological checking out for old relatedness. The authors follow rigorous scholarship to a speculation that locations the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st american citizens crossed the Atlantic through boat and arrived in advance of formerly notion. delivering archaeological and oceanographic facts to aid this statement, the booklet dismantles the outdated paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis know-how with the tradition of the Solutrean those that occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years in the past.

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132–133. Reed, D. M. ), 2005, Biomolecular Archaeology: Genetic Approaches to the Past, Center for Archaeological Investigations, Occasional Paper 32, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale. Reitz, E. , and Wing, E. , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England. , and Boyle, K. ), 2000, Archaeogenetics: DNA and the Population of Prehistory Europe, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, England. Scudder, S. , 2001, Evidence of Sea Level Rise at the Early Ostionan Coralie Site (GT-3), c.

72–89. , 2002, Environmental Perception and Human Responses in History and Prehistory, in: The Way the Wind Blows: Climate, History and Human Action (R. J. McIntosh, J. A. Tainter and S. K. ), Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 121–140. , 1987a, Factors Influencing Consumer Behavior in Turn-of-the-century Phoenix, Arizona, in: Consumer Choice in Historical Archaeology (S. ), Plenum Press, New York, pp. 359–369.

The higher rate of parasites in the high status household may be due to the merchant’s consumption of locally-available, garden-grown produce fertilized with night soil, while the boarding house residents ate more imported, marketdistributed foods. Closely related to the archaeology of cities is the historical archaeology of industrialization (Hardesty 1999). Environmental historical archaeology in cities is increasingly contributing to the understanding of the broader impacts of industrialization, labor, and environmental degradation.

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