By Wenying Jiang
During this publication, linguistic achievements of notice order stories in chinese language were utilized to chinese language moment language acquisition learn. by means of reading a good number of note order mistakes made through inexperienced persons of chinese language as a international language (CFL), this e-book has constructed a style for describing and explaining chinese language notice order mistakes. With this system, the publication has the capability to empower CFL lecturers worldwide to educate chinese language in an educated demeanour, and especially to coach chinese language notice order extra successfully and successfully.
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Additional info for Acquisition of Word Order in Chinese as a Foreign Language (Studies on Language Acquisition)
28). Gass (1996) defines transfer as ‘‘the use of the native language (or other language) information in the acquisition of an L2 (or additional language)’’ (p. 231). All these authors maintain that L1 transfer can be positive in facilitating L2 acquisition and it also can be negative in causing L2 errors. Although language transfer sometimes is associated with behaviourism, this term is still widely used by L2 researchers and teachers. g. Odlin, 1989) use cross-linguistic influence to cover all kinds of language transfer or avoidance of transfer.
2. Second language, foreign language, target language (TL) and L2 The term foreign language has usually been used to refer to the teaching or learning of a non-native language outside of the country or speech community where it is commonly spoken (Freed, 1991; Stern, 1983). Second language, in contrast to the term foreign language, is applied to non-native language learning or language use that takes place within one of the speech communities where that language is traditionally used (Freed, 1991; Gass & Selinker, 2001).
This parameter has two values: pro-drop (a positive value) and non-pro-drop (a negative value) (Liceras, 1989). In a pro-drop language, its grammar permits the omission of pronouns, such as a subject pronoun, when they are pragmatically inferable. In a non-pro-drop language, its grammar does not permit the omission of pronouns (White, 1996). Chinese manifests a positive value while English manifests a negative value (Braidi, 1999). Children who are exposed to Chinese will acquire the positive value of the pro-drop parameter, which includes a cluster of features in the language, such as null subject and subject-verb inversion in declarative sentences.