By Kendall W. Brown
For twenty-five years, Kendall Brown studied Potosí, Spanish America's maximum silver manufacturer and maybe the world's most famed mining district. He examine the flood of silver that flowed from its Cerro Rico and discovered of the toil of its miners. Potosí symbolized marvelous wealth and unimaginable soreness. New international bullion inspired the formation of the 1st global financial system yet whilst it had profound effects for hard work, as mine operators and refiners resorted to severe different types of coercion to safe employees. In
many situations the surroundings additionally suffered devastating harm.
All of this happened within the identify of wealth for person marketers, businesses, and the ruling states. but the query continues to be of ways a lot financial improvement mining controlled to supply in Latin the United States and what have been its social and ecological effects. Brown's concentrate on the mythical mines at Potosí and comparability of its operations to these of alternative mines in Latin the USA is a well-written and available research that's the first to span the colonial period to the present.
Part of the Diálogos sequence of Latin American reports
Read Online or Download A History of Mining in Latin America : From the Colonial Era to the Present PDF
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Extra info for A History of Mining in Latin America : From the Colonial Era to the Present
Using the flood tide to push them along, the other ships slowly sailed fifty miles inland to Seville. Galleys and small boats helped the ships dock along the river near the Golden Tower (Torre del Oro, built during the Muslim rule of Seville as a military fortress to control shipping on the river), while church bells pealed and guns fired a welcoming salute. Officials from the Board of Trade (Casa de la Contratación) boarded the ships to compare the cargoes with the bills of lading. The crowds thronging the Arenal waited to catch a glimpse of the gold and silver hauled out of the ships’ holds by a big two-wheeled crane.
No quicksilver arrived during the next two years. Most ingenios stopped grinding ore because the refiners had no way of amalgamating it. In 1801, Potosí registered fewer than forty thousand kilograms of silver, whereas it had been producing nearly eighty thousand kilograms per year in the 1790s. Another shortage occurred when Napoleon invaded Spain in 1808 and the French seized Almadén. The Bank of San Carlos did not run out of mercury completely, but supplies were very short. 16 Meanwhile, the fight for independence began, with patriot and royalist armies ravaging the region.
Meanwhile, the Spanish government also sent scientists and technicians to the mines of central Europe for training and to learn new technologies. Antonio de Ulloa, a leading figure of the Spanish Enlightenment, Potosí and Colonial Latin American Mining 35 participated in such a mission. Upon Ulloa’s return to Spain, the minister of the Indies appointed Ulloa governor of Huancavelica (1758–1764). The Crown also dispatched the Elhuyar brothers (Juan José de and Fausto de) to study at the Mining Academy of Freiberg.