A Historical Archaeology of the Modern World by Charles E. Orser Jr. (auth.)

By Charles E. Orser Jr. (auth.)

This distinct publication bargains a theoretical framework for ancient archaeology that explicitly depends on community thought. Charles E. Orser, Jr., demonstrates the necessity to study the influence of colonialism, Eurocentrism, capitalism, and modernity on all archaeological websites inhabited after 1492 and indicates how those large-scale forces create a hyperlink between all of the websites. Orser investigates the connections among a seventeenth-century runaway slave country in Palmares, Brazil and an early nineteenth-century peasant village in critical eire. learning artifacts, landscapes, and social inequalities in those tremendously varied cultures, the writer explores how the archaeology of fugitive Brazilian slaves and bad Irish farmers illustrates his theoretical strategies. His examine underscores how community thought is basically unknown in ancient archaeology and the way few ancient archaeologists follow an international standpoint of their reviews. A historic Archaeology of the ModernWorld good points information and illustrations from formerly unknown websites and contains such interesting findings because the provenance of historic Brazilian smoking pipes that would be new to old archaeologists.

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Extra resources for A Historical Archaeology of the Modern World

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To support this contention, archaeologists have singled out objects found in the Southwest that are not native to that region. These exotic objects include macaw burials and mass-produced, straightsided cylindricaljars (Washburn 1980). Some archaeologists even say that the elongated skulls of some Southwestern burials represent the cultural influence of the Aztecs (Brooks and Brooks 1980). The pochteca were clearly important actors within Mesoamerica (Blanton et al. 1981:235-236). However, their precise influence outside Middle America is still a source of great debate.

Recently, however, a growing number of archaeologists in Brazil have shown interest in slave life, urbanization, and other topics not directly related to cultural contact (see, for example, Chahon 1995; Guimaraes 1990; Guimaraes and Lanna 1980; Marins 1995; Zanettini 1988, 1990). The Palmares research occurs within the growing effort to know more about the realities of slave life in Brazil and to add to the increasing interest in anthropological historical archaeology there (Orser 1992). D. 1700, or well before the establishment of Gorttoose (Ryan 1991).

Selkirk's story is a minor though intriguing footnote in history. In 1704, while on a trip to the South Seas, Selkirk fell into an acrimonious argument with his captain. So violent was their disagreement that Selkirk asked to be released from the ship. The captain happily agreed and left him on a tiny Pacific island about 640 km (400 mi) west of Chile. Selkirk remained on the island, totally alone, for the next four years. Captain Woodes Rogers rescued him in 1709, and it was in Rogers's autobiographical account that Europe first learned Selkirk's compelling story.

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