By Earl R. Mac Cormac
During this publication, Earl Mac Cormac provides an unique and unified cognitive concept of metaphor utilizing philosophical arguments which draw upon proof from mental experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this idea for which means and fact with particular cognizance to metaphor as a speech act, the long-lasting which means of metaphor, and the improvement of a four-valued approach of fact. a variety of examples of metaphor from poetry and technological know-how are awarded and analyzed to help Mac Cormac's theory."A Cognitive idea of Metaphor takes up 3 degrees of explanation--metaphor as expressed in floor language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process--and unifies those via reading metaphor as an evolutionary wisdom procedure within which metaphors mediate among minds and tradition. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the novel thought that every one use of language is metaphorical; notwithstanding, this argument additionally acknowledges that the "theory of metaphor may well itself be metaphorical.The publication first considers the computational metaphor frequently followed by means of cognitive psychology for example of metaphor requiring research. unlike 3 recognized philosophical theories of metaphor - the strain conception, the controversion conception, and the grammatical deviance conception - it develops a semantical anomaly idea of metaphor in accordance with a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of phrases. In constructing the idea, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections among theories of metaphor and extra orthodox analytic philosophy of that means, together with discussions of speech acts and the good judgment of fuzzy units. This semantical idea of clarification is then proven to be suitable with modern psychologicaltheories of memory.Earl R. MacCormac is Charles A. Dana Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the dept of Philosophy, Davidson university. A Bradford publication.
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Extra info for A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor
Aristotle's observation that humans experience forces as pushes or pulls was applied to physical objects, forming a theory of motion that demanded contact of impressed force to cause motion and that prohibited action at a distance without contact. Are all personifications necessarily metaphoric in that they almost necessarily generate semantic anomaly by taking human attributes and juxtaposing them with nonhuman referents? Although not all metaphors are personifications, it certainly seems that all personifications are metaphors.
An analogy serves as a necessary but not a sufficient condition for the existence of a metaphor. 09] page_24 < previous page page_24 next page > Page 24 of mathematical calculation, learning of patterns, and storage and retrieval of information provided some of the similar features that allowed the identification of the human mind with a computer. But why isn't the locution "The mind is a computational device" an analogy between the human mind and a computer? What makes this combination a metaphor and not just an analogy?
At other times in the history of thought, basic metaphors have been covertly assumed, as in the case of the early twentieth-century logical positivists who believed that they had no first principles and had thereby avoided a dreaded metaphysical stance and yet assumed that language mirrored the world (a basic metaphor). I have noted that in examining the computational metaphor we face a possible paradox; the theory of metaphor that is described in this book is itself grounded in a theory of cognition that presumably can be expressed only metaphorically.